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USDA: Puppy imports must be healthy, 6 months old

New federal regulation requires puppies imported into US to be healthy, at least 6 months old

Posted on Aug. 15, 2014 at 12:00 a.m. | Updated on Aug. 15, 2014 at 4:36 p.m.

LOS ANGELES (AP) — Foreign dog breeders have gone unregulated for years, shipping puppies so young and so sick that one in four died before reaching a U.S. airport, animal welfare workers say.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture approved a regulation Friday that, starting in 90 days, will require all puppies imported to the United States to be at least 6 months old, healthy, and up-to-date on vaccinations.

Census Bureau data show about 8,400 puppies a year were imported between 2009 and 2013. Because there were no regulations, however, the Humane Society of the United States believes the numbers were much higher, said Melanie Kahn, the society’s director of puppy mill campaigns.

Many of the puppies came from mills in China and Eastern Europe, said Deborah Press, of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

This is the second major USDA effort regarding puppy mills in the last 12 months. In September, the agency enacted what is called the “retail rule": Breeders having four or more female breeding dogs have to be licensed if they are selling to consumers sight unseen on websites, in flea markets or in classifieds.

Both the Humane Society and ASPCA said they routinely get calls from people who unwittingly bought a puppy mill dog from a foreign or U.S. breeder, only to have it die because its illnesses was too severe to overcome.

It has been hard to track the number of puppies that are imported, Kahn said, but, she said, “We have seen an increase just in the past few months based on calls from consumers who bought teacup puppies from Korea.”

Importers have been sending puppies that are less than 8 weeks old to the U.S. in airliners’ cargo holds, Kahn said.

“Imagine a 6-week-old puppy from Asia to the United States. We are talking about baby animals,” she said. “They are delicate as it is. They could be shipping 100 dogs in the cargo hold. You only need one dog to have an illness and all of them could have it by the time the plane lands.”

Under the new regulation, published in the Federal Register on Friday, violators can be fined up to $10,000.

The ban eliminates the easy access to market that foreign breeders have had for years, said Cori Menkin, senior director of the ASPCA puppy mills campaign.

But the fight isn’t over, Kahn said: “We are not planning to fight any less than we already do. This means we are taking steps in the right direction.”




 FILE - In this July 11, 2014, file photo, Michael Phelps walks away from the starting block after winning the men's 100-meter butterfly at the Bulldog Grand Slam swim meet at the University of Georgia in Athens, Ga. Authorities say Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps has been arrested on a DUI charge in Maryland. Transit police say they stopped the 29-year-old Phelps at the Fort McHenry Tunnel in Baltimore around 1:40 a.m. Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014.(AP Photo/David Goldman, File)

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 The Nikkei 225 stock market index is displayed on an electric board in Tokyo, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. Asian stocks were mixed Wednesday after Wall Street slid and South Korea reported factory output contracted, while markets in China and Hong Kong were closed for a holiday. (AP Photo/Shuji Kajiyama)

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 FILE - In this July 11, 2014, file photo, Michael Phelps walks away from the starting block after winning the men's 100-meter butterfly at the Bulldog Grand Slam swim meet at the University of Georgia in Athens, Ga. Authorities say Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps has been arrested on a DUI charge in Maryland. Transit police say they stopped the 29-year-old Phelps at the Fort McHenry Tunnel in Baltimore around 1:40 a.m. Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014.(AP Photo/David Goldman, File)

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